The gallery currently has over 9 000 artworks in its collection. The contemporary South African collection is the largest and comprises photography, installations, new media and digital works, paintings, sculptures, prints and ceramics. It includes work by renowned artists Tracey Rose, Robin Rhode, Jane Alexander, Jackson Hlungwani and William Kentridge.
The gallery also has important holdings of southern African traditional art and artefacts. These objects of great cultural significance encompass the Brenthurst Collection (on permanent loan) and the Jacques collection of headrests.
The significant historical collection consists of 17th century Dutch and Flemish paintings, drawings and original prints, including 43 original etchings by Rembrandt van Rijn, 18 and 19th century French and British artworks, including notable French Impressionist and British Pre-Raphaelite collections.
The collection also includes paintings, prints and sculptures by Modern international artists Alexander Calder, Pablo Picasso, James Rosenquist, Donald Judd and Andy Warhol.
The 1934 bequest of over 550 prints from Howard Pim forms the nucleus of the gallery’s print collections, which currently boasts more than 3 000 pieces. It contains work by Albrecht Dürer, Rembrandt Van Rijn, Honoré Daumier, Francisco Goya y Lucientes, James Whistler and Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, amongst many others.